Rudrabhishek, Bel patra, Rudraksha & Vibhuti are favorites of Kashi Vishwanath (Lord Shiva).
As per Shiv Purana, Rudrabhishek (Rudra means Shiva & Abhishek means worship) is the compulsory puja performed in the worship of Lord Shiva. It is a ritual where pure Cow Milk, Ghee, Curd, Honey & Ganga Jal are offered on the ShivaLingam.
It is believed that Goddess Lakshmiji exist in Bel Patra and by offering it one is seeking the blessings of Lord Shiva for attaining Success, Wealth and Prosperity. The trifoliate form of Bel Patra symbolizes Trikaal or the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh and also Trinetra or three eyes of Lord Shiva. Once when Lord Brahmaji was asked about the easiest method to please Lord Shiva, He replied that for Lord Shiva, 100 lotus flowers are equal to 1 Neelkamal and 1000 Neelkamals are equal to 1 Belpatra.The most terrible karma is destroyed when a Bilva leaf is offered to Lord Shiva.
Vibhuti (Holy Ash) is enchanting to Shiva because it reminds him of the Mortality & destruction of three impurities anava (ego), karma (action with expection of the result), and maya (illusion).
The Shiva Purana states that Lakshmi stays where the rudraksha is, and that it has miraculous powers.
Those who worship the Lord Shiva with Rudrabhishek, Bel Patra, Rudraksha & Vibhuti, become a purified soul,they shall certainly attain Shiva, their happiness increases, family flourishes, become endowed with the knowledge of truth and merges into Shiva, and become free from sins & will never become poor."
Sri Kaal Bhairav, is also known as the 'Kotwal of Varanasi', it is said that without his permission no one can stay in Kashi. Bhairav is considered a fearsome manifestation of Shiva who wears a garland of skulls and carries a club of peacock feathers. The name 'Kaal Bhairav' means both Death and Fate. Even Death, it is said, is afraid of Kaal Bhairava.
The Lord's temple door is guarded by His mount, the dog. His silver face, garlanded with flowers, can be seen through the doorway of inner sanctum, while the rest of the idol said to be holding a trident, seated upon a dog, is hidden behind a cloth drapery.
This temple is a spiritual centre in Kashi for many centuries for the most severe of Shiva ascetics.
Kaala Bhairava is also known as "The Lord of the March of TIME". The unstoppable march of time is unstoppable only because Lord Kala Bhairava makes it so.
Devotees believe that those who tend to waste their time on many a trivial pursuit should pray sincerely to Lord Kaala Bhairava if they want to improve their time management skills and if they want to make sure that they use their time intelligently.
In the form of the Kaala Bhairava, Shiva is said to be guarding each of these Shaktipeeths. Each Shaktipeeth temple is accompanied by a temple dedicated to Bhairava.
The full temple is painted in orange colour . One has to take black threads and offer them to Kaalbhairav and take them an tie them on the hand for his protection.
It is said that one who offers His favourite blue coloured Aparajita Mala(Clitoria Ternatea) flowers/garland & wears the black thread (Kala Dora) obtained from the Temple, shall be liberated from fear of Death without being egoistic, shall attain Shiva & get rid of wickedness, evil & negavite energies immediately.
The Ganga Aarti is performed at the Dashashwamedh Ghat. It is the main ghat in Varanasi on the Ganges River. It is located close to Vishwanath Temple and is probably the most spectacular ghat.
Deepdan means offering oil lighted lamps to Holy River Ganga. Disciples flow thousands of Diyas(also known as earthen lamps) in the holy water of Ganges for their Gods according to many rituals beliefs.
It is believed that all the Gods & Goddess from the heaven descend on the earth to take a dip in the holy river Ganga during this time. All the buildings and houses close to the Ghats are lit with earthen lamps to welcome them. Twenty-one young Brahmin priests and twenty-four girls perform the aarti. The rituals involve chanting Hymns, shell blowing, drum beating and brazier burning.
After lighting up the lamps, Ganga Aarti is performed singing beautiful and soothing chants. The Ganga Aarti happens every evening (rain, hail, or shine!) on the banks of the Ganges River.
Aarti is derived from the Sanskrit word Aratrika, which means something that removes Ratri, darkness, It is a Hindu religious ritual of worship, a part of puja, in which light from wicks soaked in ghee (purified butter) or camphor is offered to one or more deities. A group of priests daily in the evening at this ghat perform "Agni Pooja" (Worship to Fire) wherein a dedication is made to Lord Shiva, River Ganga (the Ganges), Surya (Sun), Agni (Fire), and the whole universe. Special aartis are held on Tuesdays and on religious festivals. Aartis also refer to the songs sung in praise of all the devi devtas(God & Goddess), when lamps are being offered.
The arati takes place facing the river. The lamps are lit and circled around by the pandits (Hindu priests) in a clockwise manner, accompanied by changing or songs in praise of Mother Ganga. The idea is that the lamps acquire the power of the deity.
Looking at God while performing aarti reminds the performer (and the attendees of the aarti) to keep God at the centre of all activities and reinforces the understanding that routine worldly activities are secondary in importance. This understanding would give the believers strength to withstand the unexpected grief and keeps them humble and remindful of God during happy moments.
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